Your stomach is a muscular organ that digests food. It is part of your gastrointestinal (GI) tract. When your stomach receives food, the contracts and also produces acids and also enzymes that malfunction food. Once your stomach has broken down food, it overcome it come your tiny intestine.


The digestive system is consisted of of the cradle tract-mouth, esophagus, stomach, little & large intestine, and rectum.

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What is the stomach?

The stomach is a J-shaped organ that digests food. It produces enzyme (substances that develop chemical reactions) and acids (digestive juices). This mix that enzymes and digestive juices breaks under food for this reason it deserve to pass come your tiny intestine.

Your stomach is part of the cradle (GI) tract. The GI street is a long tube that starts at her mouth. It runs to her anus, where stool (poop) leaves your body. The GI street is a vital part of her digestive system.


What is the stomach’s function?

Your stomach’s purpose is to digest food and also send it come your small intestine. It has three functions:

Temporarily store food.Contract and relax come mix and failure food.Produce enzymes and also other committed cells come digest food.

How go the stomach work-related with the rest of the GI tract?

Each part of her GI street breaks under food and liquid and also carries it with your body. Throughout the cradle process, her body absorbs nutrients and also water. Then, friend expel the waste assets of digestion through your large intestine.

Food moves through your GI street in a couple of steps:

Mouth: as you chew and also swallow, her tongue pushes food right into your throat. A little piece the tissue referred to as the epiglottis covers her windpipe. The epiglottis prevents choking.Large intestine: Your big intestine turns waste commodities into stool. It pushes the stool into your rectum.Rectum: The rectum is the lower section of your huge intestine. It shop stool until you have a bowel movement.

Where is the stomach located?

Your stomach sit in your top abdomen ~ above the left side of your body. The optimal of her stomach connects to a valve referred to as the esophageal sphincter (a muscle in ~ the finish of her esophagus). The bottom of your stomach connects to your small intestine.

How big is her stomach?

The dimension of the stomach different from human to person. Her stomach increases when full and deflates as soon as empty. Because of this, her stomach size deserve to vary depending on how recently and how much you have eaten.

What are the parts of the stomach’s

Your stomach has five distinctive sections:

The cardia is the top component of your stomach. It contains the cardiac sphincter, which stays clear of food from traveling earlier up her esophagus.The fundus is a rounded section next to the cardia. It's listed below your diaphragm (the dome-shaped muscle that helps girlfriend breathe).The human body (corpus) is the biggest section of her stomach. In the body, your stomach contracts and also begins come mix food.The antrum lies below the body. It holds food till your stomach is prepared to send it to your small intestine.The pylorus is the bottom component of your stomach. It has the pyloric sphincter. This ring of tissue controls when and also how your stomach components move to your tiny intestine.

What is the stomach’s structure?

Several great of muscle and other tissues comprise your stomach:

Mucosa is her stomach’s within lining. When your stomach is empty, the mucosa has small ridges (rugae). When your stomach is full, the mucosa expands, and also the ridges flatten.Muscularis externa is the primary muscle of your stomach. It has three layers the contract and also relax to break down food.Serosa is a layer of membrane that covers your stomach.

Conditions and also Disorders

What conditions and also disorders impact your stomach?

Gastrointestinal conditions may affect your stomach. Friend may have gastrointestinal symptoms just under specific circumstances, such as gaining heartburn throughout pregnancy. Or girlfriend may have a chronic (long-lasting) condition.

Common conditions that impact your stomach include:


How can I save stomach healthy?

You have the right to make lifestyle changes to store your stomach and digestive device healthy. Friend may:

Drink alcohol just in moderation.Drink at least 50 ounces that water daily, depending upon your activity level and also size.Exercise regularly.Limit your intake of processed foods.

Frequently request Questions

What must I ask doctor about stomach?

If you have chronic stomach symptoms, you might speak v a gastroenterologist. Gastroenterologists are medical professionals who specialization in treating the cradle system. You might ask:

What is the many likely reason of cradle symptoms?What tests will you usage to diagnose a stomach condition?Are there any kind of over-the-counter medications that have the right to relieve symptoms?Should ns make transforms to mine diet?

When must I speak to doctor?

Call your healthcare provider appropriate away if friend have:

Pus or blood in her stool.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Your stomach is a muscular organ in your upper abdomen. That is part of her GI tract. During digestion, her stomach contracts, relaxes and produces acids that help break down food. Her stomach size deserve to vary relying on when and how lot you have actually eaten. You can keep your stomach and also digestive system healthy and balanced by eating healthy and balanced foods, exercising and also managing stress.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Heralding on our website helps support our mission. We perform not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy

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Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Heralding on our website helps assistance our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic commodities or services.Policy

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