Vocab gamings for structure and role of DNA and also RNA, DNA replication,DNA transcription, the codon, and also translation (protein synthesis).

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A purine that pairs through thymine in DNA.
amino acidThe monomer that makes up proteins.
anticodonA succession of 3 bases in tRNA the is complementary to the 3 bases of a codon the mRNA.
chromosomes in eukaryotesA direct strand created of DNA and also protein, situated in the nucleus, that consists of the genes.
chromosomes in prokaryotesA one strand composed specifically of DNA found in the cytoplasm, due to the fact that there is no nucleus.
codonA sequence of 3 bases top top mRNA that mentions a specific amino acid to be integrated into a protein.
complementaryThe particular pairing of the purines and pyrimidines between strands that a DNA or one RNA molecule.
cytosineA pyrimidine the pairs guanine in DNA and RNA.
cytoplasmA collodial suspension of liquid (jelly like) uncovered within the cabinet membrane and also outside the nucleus.
deosyriboseA 5 carbon sugar discovered in DNA.
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
Deoxyribonucleic AcidContains the genetic information of all living cells.
DNA helicaseAn enzyme the separates the DNA strand during replication or transcription, by break the hydrogen bonds between the bases.
DNA ligaseAn enzyme tht join the phosphate team to the 5 carbon sugar with covalent bonds.
DNA polymeraseAn enzyme the bonds DNA nucleotides with each other by creating a hydrogen bond between the bases.
double helixThe form of 2 strands the DNA, prefer a twisted ladder.
enzymeA protein catalyst the speeds up or beginning the chemical reaction prices of details biological reactions.
geneA segment of DNA located at a specific place top top a chromosome the encodes the info that specify the amino mountain sequence the proteins(traits).
genetic codeThe collection of codons that mRNA, each of which codes because that a certain amino acid.
guanineA purine that pairs v cytosine in DNA and also RNA.
hydrogen bondA an extremely weak attraction in between a hydrogen atom and also another atom, usually oxygen or nitrogen.
mRNAMessenger RNA the carries the genetic information from DNA to the ribosom in the cytoplasm.
monomerOne little unit that a necessary molecule that bonds with each other to kind polymers.
nitrogen baseA component of a nucleotide.
nucleic acidAn organic molecule created of nucleotides, includes DNA and RNA.
nucleusA double membrane bound organelle of eukaryotic bio cells that includes the cell's hereditary material.
nucleolusThe region of the nucleus that consists of gene encoding because that RNA molecules and also ribosomal proteins that consist of the ribosome.
peptideA chain of 2 or an ext amino acids linked by peptide bonds.
peptide bondThe covalent bond that joins amino acids together to form peptides or proteins.
phosphate groupA functional team component the a nucleotide discovered in DNA and also RNA.
polymerA molecule composed of 3 or more small subunits referred to as monomers which might be similar or different.
polypeptideThree or an ext peptides (protein strands) joined together.
proteinAn organic molecule composed of amino acids.
protein synthesisThe manufacturing of proteins from amino acids.
purineA type of nitrogen containing base uncovered in DNA and RNA the is created of two carbon rings; consists of adenine and guanine.
pyrimidineA form of nitrogen containing base discovered in DNA and also RNA the is created of only one carbon ring, consists of cytosine (in both DNA and RNA), thymine (in DNA only), and also uracil (in RNA only).
replicationThe procedure by which DNA makes precise copy of itself for brand-new cells.
riboseA 5 carbon sugar uncovered in RNA.
rRNARibosomal RNA, a form of RNA that combines v proteins to kind the ribosomes.
ribosomeAn organelle in the cell that is the site of protein synthesis.
RNARibonucleic acid, a nucleic acid written of nucleotides.
RNA polymeraseAn enzyme that bonds free RNA nucleotides by creating hydrogen bond between the bases throughout DNA transcription.
start codonA codon (AUG) the codes for an amino acid that signals the beginning of a protein.
stop codonThree codons (UAG, UAA, and UGA) the signals the ribosome to release the mRNA and the new protein.
templateThe strand the DNA from which new DNA is replicated or RNA is transcribed.
thymineA pyrimidine nitrogen base that pairs with adenine in DNA only.
DNA transcriptionThe synthetic of mRNA native a DNA template.
tRNATransfer RNA has actually the anticodon to the codon top top mRNA. Brings amino mountain to the ribosomes.
translationThe procedure of coverting the succession of bases on mRNA into a sequence of amino mountain to type proteins.
uracilA pyrimidine nitrogen base the pairs through adenine in RNA only.
Watson and also CrickDiscovered the dual strand helix of DNA.
semi-conservative replicationA form of replication in which among the original partent strands the DNA is conserved (saved) in the brand-new strand that DNA.
dogmaA collection of facts, laws, theories, rules or doctrines.
encodedTo put right into code; a message.
incorporateTo comine with each other or into.
compositionmade of
exogenousDerived or developed from external the body.
sequenceThe order of something.
componentA part of something.

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covalent bondA very solid bond in between organic molecule that requires the share of electrons.