The main difference in between Athens and also Sparta is that Athens to be a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy.

Athens and also Sparta room two significant Greek competitor city-states. Despite these space not very far away from every other, over there are plenty of differences in between these 2 states. Athens to be the centre for arts, learning and also philosophy if Sparta to be a warrior state. Moreover, Athens’ economic situation was mainly based upon trade, whereas Sparta’s economic climate was based on farming and conquering. 

Key areas Covered

1. What is Athens – Society, Governance, Athenians2. What is Sparta – Society, Governance, Spartans3. What are the Similarities in between Athens and Sparta – summary of common Features4. What is the Difference in between Athens and Sparta – to compare of vital Differences

Key Terms

Athens, Athenians, Sparta, Spartans


What is Athens

Athens was one of the largest and most prominent city-states the Greece. The city gained its name after Athena, the Goddess that warfare and wisdom. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on optimal of a hill in the centre of the city. In fact, this is among the world’s earliest cities, with a recorded background covering end 3,400 years.

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Figure 1: The Parthenon

Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. Thus, historians often refer that to as the cradle of west civilization. That is likewise the house of Plato’s Academy and also Aristotle’s Lyceum. Historians consider Athens to be the birthplace that democracy. Old Athenians used a device of administration where everyone (excluding women, slaves and also those not born come Athenian parents) can vote top top important worries like even if it is to take component in battle or not. Also, there existed a lottery device to selected all public officials. The city that Athens reached its gold era under the management of Pericles (461 to 429 BC). So, this is additionally called the age of Pericles.


Figure 2: Map of old Athens

The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and also government in Athens. It to be the ar where people got together to talk about philosophy and also politics. The well known Acropolis is likewise located in the middle of the city of Athens. The was constructed as a fortress where human being could retreat to as soon as the city is attacked. Later, numerous temples and also buildings were also built there. 

What is Sparta?

Sparta is additionally a major city-state in old Greece. The city-state was actually well-known as Lacedaemon, when the surname Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the financial institutions of the Eurotas flow in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. However, today, we usage the surname Sparta to refer to the city-state. Sparta to be a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars.


Figure 3: old Ruins in Sparta

From a very young age, boys gone into a rigorous state-sponsored education, army training and also socialization program known as the Agoge. They got rigorous training for plenty of years till they with the age of 20 to end up being a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. In addition, manual labour in the city was all done through slaves, enabling Spartan men much more time to communicate in army pursuits. Spartan ladies were not energetic in the military, however they were educated and also taught sporting activities to do them physical fit. Moreover, Spartan females had more rights and also freedom compared to ladies in various other Greek states.


Figure 4: Spartan governing System

Sparta got to the elevation of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian war in 404 BC. However, Sparta’s decline began a few decades later, after a defeat versus the Thebans in ~ the fight of Leuctra.

Similarities between Athens and Sparta

Athens and also Sparta are two significant Greek city-states in classic antiquity.Both says used countless slaves. In fact, it is said that every state had around a hundred thousand salves.These two says had powerful military forces.Both states had their own federal government system that had actually ensured the welfare of their citizens.Athens and Sparta possessed stable economic climates when compared to other regions.

Difference between Athens and also Sparta


Athens is the Greek city-state the is thought about to it is in the cradle the civilization and also the home to democracy. Sparta, top top the other hand, to be a influential city-state in greece that rose to become the leading military land-power in the region.

Type the Society

Athens to be a center of arts, learning and also philosophy, conversely, Sparta was a warrior society.


Athens had actually a form of democracy whereby every complimentary Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government.


While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economy was based on farming and conquering.

Military Prowess

Moreover, Athens had actually a an effective navy, whereas Sparta had a an effective land-army.


Spartan females had more status and also freedom than Athenian women. Spartan females were educated and could own and manage property, uneven Athenian women.

Education and also Training

In Athens, boys obtained a well-rounded education, however girls were just taught household chores. In Sparta, both boys and also girls received physical cultivate to continue to be fit. Spartan boys received a military education and also training for many years.


Athens and Sparta space two prominent Greek rival city-states. Though these room not really far away from every other, there are many differences between these 2 states. The main difference in between Athens and also Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued arts and society and to be ruled under a kind of democracy. Spartan society, top top the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and also conquering.

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1.“Athens.” DK find Out!, easily accessible here.2. Mark, Joshua J. “Athens.” Ancient background Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, accessible here.3. “History of ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, easily accessible here.4. “Sparta.”, A&E tv Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, accessible here.

Image Courtesy:

1. “The Parthenon in Athens” by Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC by 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “Map ancient Athens” through Singinglemon – Own occupational (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. “SpartaGreatRhetra” through Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. “Ancient sparta theater” by Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia