Written by Ansley Hill, RD, LD ~ above February 2, 2021 — medically reviewed through Kathy W. Warwick, R.D., CDE, Nutrition

Cow’s milk is a renowned beverage for children of all ages.

It’s frequently marketed come parents together a method to boost their children growth, yet you may wonder whether there’s scientific evidence to support this claim.

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This article explores the evidence behind milk’s potential effects on childhood growth, when to present milk right into your child’s diet, and also how much is as well much.


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Milk has actually long been linked with growing up to be huge and strong.

One of the very first scientific studies analyzing milk’s partnership to childhood growth was performed in 1928. It estimated a 20% increase in weight and also height amongst children who drank milk, contrasted with those that didn’t (1).

More recent research concentrating on milk’s effect on childhood expansion has yielded mixed results, particularly when socioeconomic factors, together as income and access to nutritious foods, room considered.

A current study linked milk intake with a 1.9% reduced risk that stunted development in children in between the ages of 6 months and also 5 years (2).

Interestingly, the association to be stronger amongst children living in arisen countries who had more reliable access to other nutrient-dense foods items (2).

Experts assume the the hopeful links in between milk intake and childhood growth are at the very least partially because of the variety of nutrients it offers (3).

Milk has many important nutrients, consisting of protein, calcium, potassium, zinc, and also vitamin A — all of which are necessary for growth throughout childhood. Part milk assets are additionally fortified v vitamin D (3).

Milk additionally stimulates the manufacturing of a hormone known as insulin-like expansion factor 1 (IGF-1). IGF-1 is intimately involved in the growth and development of bone and also muscle organization (4).

That said, it’s precious noting the these nutrients space not exclusive to milk. If milk is not easily accessible or you select not to include it in her child’s diet, you can obtain those nutrients from other foods.

However, milk is one of the many affordable and also convenient choices for countless families to achieve many growth-promoting nutrients. Together such, it deserve to be critical part that a healthy and balanced diet for cultivation children.

Summary

Milk input is associated with increased expansion in children, most likely because of the visibility of growth-promoting nutrients favor protein, calcium, and IGF-1.


The American Academy that Pediatrics recommends the beverage options for youngsters 12 months and older are limited to chest milk or child formula, water, and plain milk (5).

But that doesn’t median you must offer an countless supply of cow’s milk to her kids, together drinking also much may be harmful.

Research suggests that drinking milk before 12 months of age, or drinking end 2 cup (500 mL) every day for youngsters over 12 months, may cause impaired iron absorption and also anemia (6).

Anemia is a problem in which there aren’t sufficient red blood cell in your blood, bring about an impaired capacity to lug oxygen throughout her body.

Thus, if you’re planning to include milk in her child’s diet, wait till they’re at least 1 year old and limit your intake to no an ext than 2 cup (500 mL) per day.

Summary

Milk shouldn’t be introduced until a son is at least 12 months old, and also they shouldn’t drink much more than 2 cup per day (500 mL).


Milk is a nutrient-rich beverage that might support healthy development patterns in children.

It’s one affordable and convenient resource of number of nutrients essential for growing bodies, such as protein, calcium, and zinc. That said, these nutrients can also be derived from various other foods.

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If you arrangement on offering milk for your kids, you have to wait until they’re at least 1 year old, as introducing milk too early may rise the threat of stole deficiency.

After your child turns 1 year old, their milk intake need to be limited to 2 cups (500mL) every day.