Angiosperms, also called flowering plants, have seeds that room enclosed within an ovary (usually a fruit), when gymnosperms have actually no flower or fruits, and have unenclosed or “naked” seed on the surface of scale or leaves. Gymnosperm seeds are often configured together cones. The characteristics that identify angiosperms native gymnosperms encompass flowers, fruits, and also endosperm in the seeds.

Comparison chart

Angiosperms matches Gymnosperms comparison graph
AngiospermsGymnospermsDefinition Seeds Life bike Reproductive device Leaves Wood Periniality Reproduction Uses
Seed-producing flower plants who seeds space enclosed in ~ an ovary.

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Seed-producing non-flowering plants whose seeds are unenclosed or “naked.”
Enclosed within an ovary, usually in a fruit. Bare, no enclosed; discovered on scales, pipeline or together cones.
Seasonal (die throughout autumn/fall). Evergreen
Present in flowers; have the right to be unisexual or bisexual Cones; unisexual
Flat scalelike , needle-like
Hardwood Softwood
Non-perinnial Perinnial
Mostly rely on pollinators. Mostly rely on wind.
Medications , food, clothing, etc... Paper, hardwood , etc...


Hundreds of countless years ago, gymnosperms to be the only kind of plant life on Earth. Between 250 and 200 million year ago, angiosperms started to evolve. Now, angiosperms are much more widely distributed and also populous, and can be considered the leading plant life on the planet. Angiosperms make up a far much more diverse selection of plants, with a variety of 250,000 to 400,000 species. Lock inhabit every kind of land and also aquatic setting except the most too much habitats. Angiosperms may be dicots or monocots.

Examples the Angiosperms and Gymnosperms

Examples the angiosperms space monocots prefer lilies, orchids, agaves (known for agave nectar) and also grasses; and also dicots favor roses, peas, sunflowers, oaks and also maples.

Gymnosperm examples incorporate non-flowering evergreen tree such as pine, spruce and also fir.


Apple tree, a flowering, fruit-bearing angiosperm

Everyday flower garden plants space angiosperms

Gymnosperm types number only in the thousands, v a little more than 1,000 extant species. Castle are found in desert to semi-desert habitats.


Pine tree, a gymnosperm with needle-like leaves and a cone

Anatomical Differences

Since gymnosperms and also angiosperms space both vascular plants, they have a sporophyte-dominant life-cycle.

Tissue formation in angiosperms above the amount and also complexity uncovered in gymnosperms. Angiosperms have a triploid vascular tissue, level leaves in numerous shapes and hardwood stems. Due to the fact that of the innumerable ranges of the fruit and/or flower-bearing plants, they have actually variegated colors and shapes the leaves, flowers and fruits.

Gymnosperms space haploid, have spiky, needle-like leaves and also are softwood. Gymnosperms space "simpler" anatomically due to the fact that they carry out not bear flower or fruit, and also although of different species, are usually just tall evergreens through brown cones.

More details around the anatomical differences in between angiosperms and also gymnosperms are described in the adhering to video:


Reproduction in angiosperms deserve to be unisexual or bisexual. The gametes room spread by wind and also by insect and also animal pollinators attractive by your flowers. Flowers often have both female and male gametes within them, and also after fertilization, the ovules build into a fruit.

The gametes that gymnosperms are discovered in cones. Fertilization is described as single; the pollen grains fall and also germinate straight on the ovules. Pollen spores are spread by wind alone.


Angiosperms carry out virtually every plant-based food, and also most breed boy feed. Grains, fruit, legumes, nightshades (including potatoes and also tomatoes), gourds, and also cabbages room all angiosperms. Other angiosperms prefer cotton and also flax provide record and textiles. The hardwood the angiosperms is supplied to do hardwood floors.

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Gymnosperms indigenous the conifer group like pine, spruce, and also fir are commonly used for lumber. Various other gymnosperms are processed right into other commodities like soap, varnish, and perfumes.