Would you choose to know about Spanish numbers, and how to counting from 1-100 in Spanish?
In this article, i share every little thing you must know about numbers in Spanish. I cover what the Spanish numbers are, examples of just how to usage them, and also so much more.
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In situation you to be wondering just how to speak “numbers” in Spanish, it’s números. words for “number” in Spanish is número.
So, let"s discover some números, starting with Spanish cardinal numbers!
Spanish for Numbers 1-10
Let"s begin with the basics. Below are the cardinal numbers in Spanish indigenous 1-10:
1 – uno2 – dos3 – tres4 – cuatro5 – cinco6 – seis7 – siete8 – ocho9 – nueve10 – diez
1 – 100 Spanish Numbers
Now for the Spanish numbers 1 to 100. After you"ve read these, I"ll describe some tricks because that remembering them.
|1 uno||2 dos||3 tres||4 cuatro||5 cinco|
|6 seis||7 siete||8 ocho||9 nueve||10 diez|
|11 once||12 doce||13 trece||14 catorce||15 quince|
|16 dieciséis||17 diecisiete||18 dieciocho||19 diecinueve||20 veinte|
|21 veintiuno||22 veintidós||23 veintitrés||24 veinticuatro||25 veinticinco|
|26 veintiséis||27 veintisiete||28 veintiocho||29 veintinueve||30 treinta|
|31 treinta y uno||32 treinta y dos||33 treinta y tres||34 treinta y cuatro||35 treinta y cinco|
|36 treinta y seis||37 treinta y siete||38 treinta y ocho||39 treinta y nueve||40 cuarenta|
|41 cuarenta y uno||42 cuarenta y dos||43 cuarenta y tres||44 cuarenta y cuatro||45 cuarenta y cinco|
|46 cuarenta y seis||47 cuarenta y siete||48 cuarenta y ocho||49 cuarenta y nueve||50 cincuenta|
|51 cincuenta y uno||52 cincuenta y dos||53 cincuenta y tres||54 cincuenta y cuatro||55 cincuenta y cinco|
|56 cincuenta y seis||57 cincuenta y siete||58 cincuenta y ocho||59 cincuenta y nueve||60 sesenta|
|61 sesenta y uno||62 sesenta y dos||63 sesenta y tres||64 sesenta y cuatro||65 sesenta y cinco|
|66 sesenta y seis||67 sesenta y siete||68 sesenta y ocho||69 sesenta y nueve||70 setenta|
|71 setenta y uno||72 setenta y dos||73 setenta y tres||74 setenta y cuatro||75 setenta y cinco|
|76 setenta y seis||77 setenta y siete||78 setenta y ocho||79 setenta y nueve||80 ochenta|
|81 ochenta y uno||82 ochenta y dos||83 ochenta y tres||84 ochenta y cuatro||85 ochenta y cinco|
|86 ochenta y seis||87 ochenta y siete||88 ochenta y ocho||89 ochenta y nueve||90 noventa|
|91 noventa y uno||92 noventa y dos||93 noventa y tres||94 noventa y cuatro||95 noventa y cinco|
|96 noventa y seis||97 noventa y siete||98 noventa y ocho||99 noventa y nueve||100 cien|
Take a look and shot to spot the patterns. I recommend you follow these steps to gain all the numbers into your head:Learn the numbers because that 1-15. There"s no actual pattern, you just need to learn them: uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce, trece, catorce, quince. find out the numbers for the multiples the ten: veinte, treinta, cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta, noventa. A couple of tips to assist you remember: • various other than veinte, castle all finish in -enta • various other than veinte (again), they all have actually a clear partnership with the connected smaller number: cuatro cuarenta, ocho ochenta, etc.
Then, you can fill in the gaps through a basic formula:For numbers from 16-19, take the rightmost digit and say “diez + y + (digit)”. E.g. 17 = “diez + y + siete” = “diez y siete”, which contract to diecisiete. This is much like exactly how in English 16 is “six-ten” i.e. “sixteen”.For numbers above twenty, just take the “tens” number (veinte, treinta, etc.) and also the “ones” number (uno, dos, etc.) and also stick y (“and”) in the middle. E.g. 31 = “thirty and one” = treinta y uno.The only extra point to be mindful of is the numbers from 21-29 obtain contracted into a single word – so rather of “veinte y cuatro”, it"s “veinticuatro”.
Finally, don’t forget:zero – cero (this one have to be straightforward to remember!)100 – cien (note the link with English words favor “century” or “percent“.)
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Counting Spanish number 1 – 1000+
For numbers from 100 to 199, usage ciento:101 – ciento uno129 – ciento veintinueve195 – ciento noventa y cinco
(Note that you don"t require to include y after ciento – it"s ciento uno, not ciento y uno.)
For number from 200 to 999, you must an initial learn the multiples that 100.200 – doscientos300 – trescientos400 – cuatrocientos500 – quinientos600 – seiscientos700 – setecientos800 – ochocientos900 – novecientos
These numbers have masculine and also feminine forms, and so they should agree with the noun:setecientas personas – “seven hundreds people”ochocientos libros = “eight hundred books”
The only two brand-new words you need to find out are mil (1,000) and also un millón (1,000,000).
Note: 1,000 is mil, not un mil. Because that un millón, you can"t leave the end the un.
The just time you"ll watch un mil is in numbers choose cuarenta y un mil (41,000). You have to put one un in this number to differentiate it indigenous cuarenta mil (40,000).
Forming new numbers with mil and un millón is pretty straightforward as well:1,000 – mil1,001 – mil uno (not “mil y uno”!)1,686 – mil seiscientos ochenta y seis2,001 – dos mil uno20,000 – veinte mil100,000 – cien mil483,382 – cuatrocientos ochenta y tres mil trescientos ochenta y dos1,000,000 – un millón6,492,000 – seis millones cuatrocientos noventa y dos mil
Finally, keep in mind that as soon as you"re using un millón or millones v a noun, you should use de. For example, “one million books” is un millón de libros. Literally, “one million of books”.
Billions and also Trillions in Spanish (They’re no What you Think)
What do you think the Spanish indigenous billón and also trillón mean? Did you guess “billion” and also “trillion”? Sadly, points aren"t the simple.
In the English-speaking world, a “billion” is one thousands millions (1,000,000,000) and also a “trillion” is one thousand billions (1,000,000,000,000). In various other words, every “step up” involves multiplying by 1,000.
Not everyone does it choose this! Our method is called the “short scale” number is numbered system. But many countries roughly the human being – consisting of most Spanish-speaking nations – usage the “long scale” system.
In this system, a “billion” is one million millions, and a “trillion” is one million billions. Rather than multiplying by a thousand each time, you main point by a million.
So Spanish words favor billón don"t “match up” v their English counterparts choose you might expect:un millón – one million = 1,000,000un millardo (or “mil millones”) – one billion = 1,000,000,000un billón – one trillion = 1,000,000,000,000mil billones – one quadrillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000un trillón – one quintillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000
(By the way, in the past, American English provided the short-scale system while british English provided the long-scale system. This is no longer true – every dialects that English currently use the short-scale system.)
How carry out You express Spanish Numbers?
So how do you to speak Spanish numbers? If you have trouble pronounce the words, climate take a hear to this video:
Spanish for “One”: Un, Uno, or Una?
Spanish doesn"t distinguish in between “one” and “a” in the same method that English does. Un libro deserve to mean “a book” or “one book”.
When girlfriend think around it, those 2 phrases mean the very same thing; the only difference is in emphasis.
But the word uno alters to enhance the sex of the noun it describes. Prior to a feminine noun, it i do not care una. Prior to a woman noun, girlfriend drop the o and just use un.
Some examples:Un libro – “a book/one book”. Fall the “o” indigenous uno because it"s complied with by a masculine noun.Una mesa – “a table/one table”. Change uno to una because it"s followed by a feminine noun.Tengo uno – “I have one”. Uno is unchanged since it"s not followed by a noun.“¿Hay preguntas?” “Solo una.” – “Any questions?” “Only one”. In this case, you use una due to the fact that you"re referring to a pregunta (“question”), i m sorry is a feminine word.
Spanish for 100: Cien or Ciento?
The number 100 deserve to be interpreted into Spanish together either cien or ciento. What"s the difference?
You need to use cien as soon as you have specifically one hundred of something:Cien personas – one hundred peopleCien libros – one hundreds books
Use ciento as component of a larger number, choose ciento uno because that “one hundred and also one”.
Breaking up Spanish Numbers: Dots or Commas?
In English, it"s typical to rest up huge numbers with a comma every three digits to assist readability. So instead of composing “1048710123901”, we create “1,048,710,123,901”.
We likewise mark the decimal suggest with a dot, therefore “one half” is “0.5”.
Be careful! In Spanish-speaking countries – together in numerous other components of the people – these conventions are reversed. They use a comma for decimals and also break up big numbers with dots. Or, they placed a an are between every 3 digits.
So my 2 examples above would be written as “1.048.710.123.901” (or “1 048 710 123 901”) and “0,5”.
How come Say “…and a Half” in Spanish
In English, we regularly abbreviate the name of number by saying “… and also a half”, “… and also a third”, and so on.
So rather of saying “two thousand 5 hundred”, one English speaker might say “two and also a half thousand”. Instead of “one million 5 hundred thousand”, they could say “one and also a fifty percent million”.
I often an alert Spanish human being getting this wrong as soon as they speak English. They placed the “and a half” in the wrong location – rather of saying (for example) “one and a half million”, they to speak “one million and a half”. That"s because they"re translating straight from how they"d speak in Spanish – un millón y medio.
Try not to do the opposite mistake when you speak Spanish. Speak un millón y medio, not un y medio millón.
Ordinal numbers in Spanish
So much I’ve only talked about cardinal numbers – one, two, three, etc. You likewise need to learn the ordinal number – first, second, third, fourth, etc.
Here are the an initial ten:
Ordinal numbers space adjectives that must agree v the noun. But unlike most Spanish adjectives, they walk before the noun, no after:el segundo libro – “the second book”las primeras flores – “the first flowers”
Note that primero and also tercero fall the “o” prior to a singular woman noun:el primer día – “the first day”el tercer hijo – “the third son”
To type ordinal numbers over 10, you must discover the numbers because that the multiples of ten:
Then fill in the gaps through combining numbers from the above two tables, such together vigésimo segundo for “22nd”.
Remember the both parts of the number need to agree v the noun: “the 22nd person” would certainly be la vigésima segunda persona.
For number from “11th” to “19th”, it’s an ext common to write them together one word than two. Such together decimoprimero because that “11th”.
Examples of exactly how to use Spanish Numbers
You’ve learned the numbers, yet how execute you usage them? ~ all, over there are numerous instances where we usage numbers everyday. Things prefer time, the date, ours age, etc.
So right here are some examples to aid you acquire started:
Time:1:10 – la una treinta3:25 – las tres vienticinco
Date:September 10 – el diez de septiembreJanuary 1 – el primero de enero
Age:10 year old – (tener) diez años37 year old – (tener) treinta y siete
As Adjectives:Two books – dos libros300 flower – trescientas flores
Prices:$2.20 – dos
Math:3 + 3 = 6 – tres más tres child seis10 – 2 = 8 – diez menos dos boy ocho
Numbers in Spanish: exactly how Do You find out Them?
Here’s a funny story around Spanish numbers:
In 2008 the American football player Chad Johnson legally adjusted his last surname to “Ochocinco”. This new moniker to be a reference to his jersey number: 85. The difficulty – as you’ll now understand – is the ocho-cinco doesn"t mean “eighty-five”. The correct Spanish is ochenta y cinco. It"s unknown whether Chad was conscious of this mistake as soon as he do the surname change. (In 2012, he adjusted his critical name ago to “Johnson”.)
Now you’ve review this article, you’re not going to make a mistake prefer that.
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