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Cat and also dog fleas space the most most likely fleas to affect humans, though rats and also raccoons nesting in a residence can additionally carry fleas. While their bites can cause severe itching and also skin infections, castle can also spread conditions such together cat-scratch fever, typhus and plague to people.

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Ticks feed exclusively on blood. With their bites, ticks deserve to transmit conditions to people. Most notably, the Deer tick have the right to transmit Lyme condition to people.

Years ago, together a service technician, I listed flea control many times. In fact, top top one occasion, ns actually carried home adult fleas and infected mine dog! “Man bites dog”!

Fleas

Fleas room insects. They have actually six legs together the adult and three (3) human body parts; head, thorax and also abdomen. Fleas construct through 4 life stages; egg, larva, pupae and adult. Adult fleas will mate ~ above the organize animal. Females will certainly deposit eggs in the hair of the animal. However, the eggs room not enclosed – they simply “fall off” ~ above the ground or onto the floor of your home. A small, worm-like larva emerges from the egg. The larva room blind and also have no legs. Castle do, however, have long hairs projecting from the sides of your body. This hair-like projections propel the larva with the environment. As the larva twist your body against the ground or carpet fibers, they move about the environment. Flea larva feed on dried blood and also fecal product from adult fleas.

Larva mature and spin a cocoon. Inside the cocoon or pupae stage, the larva transform into the adult flea. Cocoons have the right to remain in the atmosphere for many months. When conditions are just right, the adult flea bursts the end of the pupal case and also into the environment. The adult immediately looks for a host to gain its first blood meal utilizing its piercing / suck mouthparts to feeding on blood.

Ticks

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Ticks room not insects. Lock are pertained to spiders and mites. As adults, ticks have actually 8 legs and also only 2 (2) human body parts; the abdomen and thorax room fused into one part. The head with the mouthparts is attached to this structure.

There room 4 species of tick on long Island; Deer tick, Lone Star tick, American dog tick and Brown dog tick. All of these varieties can transmit condition to humans. Most notably, Lyme condition from the Deer tick, Spotted-fever indigenous the American Dog tick, human ehrlichiosis, tularemia, STARI and Red-Meat Allergy from the Lone Star tick and also spotted-fever native the Brown Dog tick.

The key to limiting human diseases from ticks and fleas is prevention. Dress properly, use tick repellents and also perform an individual examinations after ~ spending time in tick-prone areas.For fleas, identify the source(s) that the fleas; a domestic animal such together a pet cat or dog or probably feral cat or raccoons etc.

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Pet need to be seen by a veterinarian to determine if there is a flea infestation top top the animal. The animal needs to it is in treated because that fleas.