Symbol: HgAtomic Number: 80Atomic Weight: 200.59Classification: transition metalPhase in ~ Room Temperature: LiquidDensity: 13.534 grams per cm cubedMelting Point: -38.83°C, -37.89°FBoiling Point: 356.7°C, 674.1°FDiscovered by: Known around since ancient timesMercury is the 3rd element in the twelfth column of the regular table. It is classified as a transition metal. Mercury atoms have actually 80 electrons and also 80 protons v 122 neutrons in the most abundant isotope.Characteristics and PropertiesUnder standard conditions mercury is a shiny, heavy, silvery liquid. That is the only steel that is liquid at room temperature. It will evaporate into the air in ~ room temperature.Mercury is really poisonous and can be took in by people through the air, skin, or by eating food with mercury. Too lot mercury can kill a person.When mercury come into call with various other metals, it disappear them and also forms a new substance referred to as an amalgam. Iron is just one of the couple of exceptions and, together a result, is often used to store mercury.Where is it found on Earth?Mercury is a really rare element found in the Earth"s crust. The is sometimes uncovered in its cost-free state, but is usually found in ores such together cinnabar, livingstonite, and also corderoite. Most mercury today is created from the mining the cinnabar, a glowing red ore.For plenty of years Spain and Italy to be the largest producers of mercury. Spain mined mercury in bespeak to use it in your mining process for silver in southern America. Today, the bulk of mercury is mined in China and also Kyrgyzstan.

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How is mercury supplied today?
Mercury is used in a range of applications, however is being phased the end of few of them as result of health issues. Due to its high density and also thermal development characteristics, that is used in measuring tools such as thermometers and also barometers. A significant application now is fluorescent lamps and mercury vapor lamps.Other applications because that mercury include dental fillings, telescopes, cosmetics, and also vaccines.How was it discovered?Mercury has actually been known about since old times and also was supplied by civilizations such as ancient Egypt and ancient China. The an initial emperor the China, Qin Shi Huang, believed that mercury was part of the Elixir the Life that would assist him to live forever. Unfortunately, mercury is toxic and consuming mercury is likely what eliminated him.For countless years, alchemists believed that mercury was the "prima materia" and that all other metals could be do from mercury. They assumed they might use mercury to do gold.Where did mercury obtain its name?Mercury it s okay is surname from the world Mercury i beg your pardon was named after the swift messenger the the roman gods, Mercury. The was given this name since it flowed swiftly in its liquid form. The price Hg comes from the Latin native "hydragyrum" meaning "liquid silver."IsotopesMercury has seven stable isotopes. The many abundant in nature is Mercury-202 i beg your pardon comprises approximately 30% of every mercury.Interesting Facts around MercuryDespite being the only metal that is fluid at room temperature, mercury has the smallest liquid selection of any kind of metal. It i do not care a solid at -38.83°C and a gas in ~ 356.7°C.Some fish, such together swordfish and also shark, can contain high levels of mercury.The use of mercury in manufacturing has actually been banned in several countries including Norway, Sweden, and also Denmark.The ax "mad together a hatter" originates from hat machines who walk crazy breathing in mercury vapors from chemistry they supplied in do hats.Never host mercury in her bare hands together it can seep v the skin and also poison you. Mercury should not be left out in the open as it will certainly evaporate into the air and can poison you v breathing it.
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