Mercury

element 80 of routine table is Mercury with atomic number 80, atomic weight 200.59. Mercury, price Hg, has a basic Trigonal structure and Silver color. Mercury is a change metal element. Trivial surname of Mercury is volatile metals. Recognize everything about Mercury Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Mercury is a chemical aspect with symbol Hg and atomic number 80. It is commonly known together quicksilver and also was previously named hydrargyrum (/haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/). A heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic facet that is liquid at standard problems for temperature and also pressure; the only other aspect that is liquid under these conditions is bromine, though metals such together caesium, gallium, and also rubidium melt just above room temperature.

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Mercury Facts

Read vital information and also facts around element Mercury

name Mercury
atom Number 80
atomic Symbol Hg
Atomic weight 200.59
phase Liquid
color Silver
Classification transition metal
group in routine Table 12
Group Name zinc family members
period in periodic Table 6
Block in routine Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 4f14 5d10 6s2
Melting allude -38.83 °C
Boiling allude 356.73 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2>
CAS Number CAS7439-97-6

community
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

check out our interactive regular table


How to situate Mercury on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as variety of electrons. The atom number rises from left to right. Routine table start at height left ( atom number 1) and ends in ~ bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look for atomic number 80 to discover Mercury on periodic table.

Another way to read regular table and locate an aspect is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To situate Mercury on routine table look for cross ar of group 12 and period 6 in the modern periodic table.

check out Interactive routine Table come Understand and also Learn Cool patterns

Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Mercury with various other elements

Mercury History

The aspect Mercury was found by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown location . Mercury obtained its surname from the new Latin name mercurius, named after the roman inn god (Hg from previous name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, "water", and also argyros, "silver")

Mercury Presence: abundance in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the variety of Mercury in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in cosmos 1×10-7%
abundance in sunlight 2×10-6%
variety in Meteorites 2.5e-07
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 6.7×10-6%
abundance in seas 5×10-9%
abundance in human beings N/A

Crystal framework of Mercury

The heavy state structure of Mercury is Simple Trigonal.

The decision structure can be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in three dimensional room to type the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which space the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
300.5 300.5 300.5 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
1.23081 1.23081 1.23081

The location of the atoms within the unit cell are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the principle of an are groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of corpuscle in three-dimensional room are described by the 230 room groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.

an are Group name R_ 3m
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an are Group Number 166
Crystal framework Simple Trigonal

Mercury Atomic and Orbital Properties

Mercury atoms have 80 electrons and the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.


atomic Number 80
Number of electrons (with no charge) 80
Number that Protons 80
Mass Number 201
Number that Neutrons 121
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2>
Electron configuration 4f14 5d10 6s2
Valence Electrons 5d10 6s2
Oxidation State -2 1;2
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0

Shell structure of Mercury - electron per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration the Mercury - neutral Mercury atom

The soil state electronic configuration of Neutral Mercury atom is 4f14 5d10 6s2. The part of Mercury configuration that is identical to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with countless electrons, this notation deserve to become an extensive and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is vital as it is the Valence electron 4f14 5d10 6s2, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemistry properties of the element.

See more: Which Two Subatomic Particles Are Located In The Nucleus Of An Atom Ic Structure

Unabbreviated digital configuration of neutral Mercury

Complete floor state electronic configuration for the Mercury atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2

Atomic structure of Mercury

Mercury atomic radius is 171 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 149 pm.

atom Radius

171 pm (1.71 Å)

Atomic Volume 14.8211910743 cm3
Covalent Radius 149 afternoon (1.49 Å)
van der Waals Radius 155 pm
ghost Cross section 374 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Mercury

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Mercury chemical Properties: Mercury Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity the Mercury is 0 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 2
ElectronAffinity 0 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Mercury

Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Mercury

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1007.1
2 1810
3 3.3×103

Mercury physical Properties

Refer to below table because that Mercury physics Properties

density 13.534 g/cm3
Molar Volume 14.8211910743 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus 25 GPa
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness that Mercury - tests to measure of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Mercury electrical Properties

Mercury is Conductor the electricity. Refer to table below for the electric properties the Mercury

electric Conductivity 1×106 S/m
Resistivity 9.6×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting allude 4.154

Mercury Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 8.3 W/(m K)
Thermal growth N/A

Mercury Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Diamagnetic
Curie allude N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -2.1×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -4.21×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.84e-05

Optical nature of Mercury

Refractive index 1.000933

Acoustic properties of Mercury

rate of Sound 1407 m/s

Mercury thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table below for thermal properties the Mercury

Melting suggest 234.32 K (-38.83 °C)
Boiling allude 629.88 K (356.73 °C)
crucial Temperature 1750 K
Superconducting point 4.154

Enthalpies the Mercury

warmth of combination 2.29 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 59.2 kJ/mol
warm of combustion N/A

Mercury isotopes - atom Properties the Mercury

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally developing Mercury has actually 7 secure isotope - 196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.


Isotope Isotope mass % variety T half Decay setting
171Hg
172Hg
173Hg
174Hg
175Hg
176Hg
177Hg
178Hg
179Hg
180Hg
181Hg
182Hg
183Hg
184Hg
185Hg
186Hg
187Hg
188Hg
189Hg
190Hg
191Hg
192Hg
193Hg
194Hg
195Hg
196Hg 0.15% steady N/A
197Hg
198Hg 9.97% stable N/A
199Hg 16.87% steady N/A
200Hg 23.1% steady N/A
201Hg 13.18% stable N/A
202Hg 29.86% stable N/A
203Hg
204Hg 6.87% secure N/A
205Hg
206Hg
207Hg
208Hg
209Hg
210Hg

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7439-97-6
RTECS Number RTECSOV4550000
period Hazard class 8
period Numbers 2809
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA risks N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 3
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of unique identifiers to search the element in assorted chemical registry databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7439-97-6
CID Number CID23931
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSOV4550000

Compare Mercury with all Group 12 elements

Mercury vs Zinc Mercury vs Cadmium Mercury vs Copernicium

Compare Mercury with all transition metal elements

Mercury vs Scandium Mercury vs Titanium Mercury vs Vanadium Mercury vs Chromium Mercury vs Manganese Mercury vs steel Mercury vs Cobalt Mercury vs Nickel Mercury vs Copper Mercury vs Zinc Mercury vs Yttrium Mercury vs Zirconium Mercury vs Niobium Mercury vs Molybdenum Mercury vs Technetium Mercury vs Ruthenium Mercury vs Rhodium Mercury vs Palladium Mercury vs silver Mercury vs Cadmium Mercury vs Hafnium Mercury vs Tantalum Mercury vs Tungsten Mercury vs Rhenium Mercury vs Osmium Mercury vs Iridium Mercury vs Platinum Mercury vs gold Mercury vs Rutherfordium Mercury vs Dubnium Mercury vs Seaborgium Mercury vs Bohrium Mercury vs Hassium Mercury vs Meitnerium Mercury vs Darmstadtium Mercury vs Roentgenium Mercury vs Copernicium