Use this calculator to estimate how much sand in volume (cubic ft, cubic yards, or cubic meters) or weight (tons & pounds, tonnes and kilograms) you would need. It supplies conventional sand density.

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Calculating how much sand you need

Many builders and gardeners are challenged with calculating or estimating the lot of sand they must fill a given space with sand. Our sand calculator is of good utility in together cases, but you should keep in mind the the outcomes will only be as good as the measurements entered. The calculation process is together follows:

Estimate the volume of sand needed, using geometrical formulas and also plans or measurements.The approximate thickness of sand is 1600 kg/m3 (100 lb/ft3).Multiply the volume by the thickness (in the exact same units) to get the weight

There is finer and more coarse sand, so the density, measured for dry sand in kg every cubic meter or pounds per cubic feet, of your specific shipment may vary. For this reason, and also due come potential loser / waste, friend should take into consideration buying 5-6% much more sand 보다 estimated so you don"t operation just brief of what you need in the end.

Square or rectangular area

The volume formula because that a rectangular (or square) crate in cubic feet is height(ft) x width(ft) x length(ft), as watched in the number below:


For example, to fill a box with a width of 3ft and also a size of 6ft, to a depth the 1ft, you should multiply 1ft x 3ft x 6ft = 18ft3 (cubic feet) that sand.

Round area

If the area you desire to cover, or the form you desire to fill is round, the calculation is a little bit different:


The volume the a number with a round foundation is its elevation times the area the its foundation. To calculation the foundation area we require its diameter, since the formula is π x r2, wherein r is the radius, or diameter/2.

Irregularly shaped area

In case the area you room calculating has actually an irregular form what you want to carry out is divide it in several regularly-shaped sections, calculate their volume and sand requirements and also then sum them up together. In instance you finish up needing to do this because that a large number the sections, you could use our summation calculator.

Sand basics

Sand is a naturally emerging granular product which is written of finely divided rock and also mineral particles, rounded and polished to a differing extent. Sand have the right to be believed of as finer gravel, or coarser silt. In part cases, "sand" refers to a textural course of soil, the is - a soil which has an ext than 85% that its mass comprised of sand-sized particles. Sand is a renewable source in the long run, but in human being timescale the is almost non-renewable. Sand is a significant component of concrete and due come the high demand for concrete for construction, an ideal for concrete sand is additionally in high demand.

The most usual constituent that sand in inland continent settings and non-tropical seaside settings is silica quartz (silicon dioxide - SiO2). The second most common type of sand, greatly encountered in islands and also near the sea, is calcium lead carbonate which is developed by various life-forms, favor coral and shellfish. Of course, the precise composition will certainly vary depending upon local rock sources and conditions throughout the formation of the pebbles.


Sand for residential or garden usage is usually sold in small packets of several pounds / kilograms, and also for larger projects in bags the 40, 60 or 80 lbs - 25kg or 50kg in Europe and other places. For building work, concrete mixing, etc. It is marketed by the tonne and comes in trucks.

species and grades of sand

Contrary to what you might think, there is more than one kind of sand, by the dimension of the pebbles and it"s intended usage <2>. Selecting the right type and size is crucial, as some sands have actually a various application than others.

Sand typesTypeDescription
20-30 Sandn-standard sand, graded to happen a 850μm sieve and be preserved on a 600μm sieve.
Graded Sandn-standard sand, graded in between the 600μm sieve and also the 150μm sieve.
Standard Sandn-silica sand, composed almost entirely of naturally rounded grains of virtually pure quartz (used because that mortars and testing the hydraulic cements).

Standard sand, in addition, candlestick be irradiate grey or whitish color, must be free from silt and also the grains have to be angular, however a little percentage of flaky or rounded particles space permissible. Part manufacturers refer the grade and type of the sand in other ways, e.g. "river sand" (a.k.a. "sharp sand", "builder"s sand", "grit sand", "concrete sand"), "masonry sand", "M-10 sand" (granite sand), "play sand", each being finer and an ext expensive 보다 the previous one.

What is the thickness of sand?

The density of common sand is 100 lb/ft3 (1600 kg/m3). This synchronizes to moderately wet sand and is the number used in the calculator.

How lot does a yard3 that sand weigh?

A cubic yard of typical sand weighs about 2700 pounds or 1.35 tons. A square yard of a sandbox through a depth that 1 foot (30.48 cm) weighs about 900 pounds (410 kg) or slightly less than half a ton. The water contents of the sand is presume to be moderate.

How lot does a cubic meter of sand weigh?

A cubic meter of usual sand weighs 1,600 kilograms 1.6 tonnes. A square meter sandbox through a depth of 35 cm weighs about 560 kg or 0.56 tonnes. The numbers are acquired using this sand calculator.

How much is a ton that sand?

A ton the sand is typically around 0.750 cubic yards (3/4 cu yd), or 20 cubic feet. Sand is assumed fairly damp, since adding water can increase or to decrease the thickness of the sand substantially (e.g. If it to be raining or if you destruction up and leave sand under the sun so water evaporates).

How lot is a tonne the sand?

A tonne the moderately wet sand typically fills about 0.625 m3 (cubic meters). It can be more or less dense depending ~ above water content and also the dimension of the sand particles.

Ton vs tonne, lots vs tonnes

When calculating the sand"s weight, make certain you carry out not confused the tonne (metric ton) through the ton (short ton). The very first one is offered by all countries in the world and is characterized to be same to 1000 kg by the global body the standardization. The ton is right now only provided in the united States and also is equal to 2000 pounds (2000 lbs). The difference between the 2 is not large but can quickly include up to a significant number as the lot increases.

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<1> Krinsley D.H., Smalley I.J. (1972) "Sand", American Scientist 60:286-291

<2> ASTM C-778 - 17 "Standard Specification for traditional Sand"

Cite this calculator & page

If you"d like to mention this virtual calculator source and information as noted on the page, you have the right to use the following citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Sand Calculator", obtainable at: URL .