Element Nickel - Ni

Comprehensive data ~ above the chemical element Nickel is noted on this page; including scores the properties, aspect names in numerous languages, most known nuclides the Nickel. Typical chemical compounds are also detailed for numerous elements. In enhancement technical terms are connected to their definitions and the menu includes links to related posts that are a an excellent aid in one"s studies.

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Nickel Menu

Nickel web page OneOverview of NickelNickel"s surname in other LanguagesAtomic structure of NickelChemical properties of NickelPhysical nature of NickelRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowNickel web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesNickel page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds the Nickel

Overview the Nickel

Atomic Number: 28Group: 10Period: 4Series: transition Metals

Nickel"s surname in various other Languages

Latin: NiccolumCzech: NiklCroatian: NikalFrench: NickelGerman: Nickel - rItalian: NichelNorwegian: NikkelPortuguese: NiquelRussian: НикельSpanish: NíquelSwedish: NickelAtomic structure of NickelAtomic Radius: 1.62ÅAtomic Volume: 6.59cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.15ÅCross Section (Thermal ghost Capture)σa/barns: 4.49Crystal Structure: Cubic confront centered
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d8 4s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,16,2Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
0.69ÅFilling Orbital: 3d8Number of electron (with no charge): 28Number of neutron (most common/stable nuclide): 31Number that Protons: 28Oxidation States: 2,3Valence Electrons: 3d8 4s2

Chemical nature of Nickel

Electrochemical Equivalent: 1.095g/amp-hrElectron occupational Function: 5.15eVElectronegativity: 1.91 (Pauling); 1.75 (Allrod Rochow)Heat the Fusion: 17.47kJ/molIncompatibilities:Strong acids, sulfur, selenium, lumber & other combustibles, nickel nitrateIonization PotentialFirst: 7.635Second: 18.168Third: 35.17Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 42

Physical properties of Nickel

Atomic massive Average: 58.6934Boiling Point: 3005K 2732°C 4950°FCoefficient that lineal heat expansion/K-1: 13.3E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.143 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.907 W/cmKDensity: 8.9g/cc
300KDescription:A silvery-white shift metal that is malleable and also ductile. Nickel resists corrosion yet is dissolve in acids. The is, however, unaffected by alkalis.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 180/GPaRigidity: 76/GPaYoungs: 200/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 422.6 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy of Fusion: 17.57 kJ/moleEnthalpy the Vaporization: 371.8 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: combustible SolidFreezing Point: see melting pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 700 MN m-2Mohs: 4Vickers: 638 MN m-2Heat that Vaporization: 370.4kJ/molMelting Point: 1726K 1453°C 2647°FMolar Volume: 6.59 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 72%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.44J/gKVapor Pressure = 237Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-02-0RTECS: QR5950000 (metal)OSHA permissible Exposure limit (PEL)TWA: 1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 1 mg/m3NIOSH encourage Exposure border (REL)TWA: 0.015 mg/m3IDLH: 10 mg/m3 (Potential NIOSH carcinogen)Routes that Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: sleep cavities, lungs, skinLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring level of facets in the common human, the DOES NOT represent recommended day-to-day allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.01-0.05Bone/p.p.m: Liver/p.p.m: 0.02-1.8Muscle/p.p.m: 1-2Daily diet Intake: 0.3-0.5 mgTotal massive In Avg. 70kg human: 15 mg

Who / whereby / once / How

Discoverer: Axel F CronstedtDiscovery Location: Stockholm SwedenDiscovery Year: 1751Name Origin: German: kupfernickel (Devil"s copper).Abundance that Nickel:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 80Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 0.0001Atlantic Deep: 0.0004Pacific Surface: 0.0001Pacific Deep: 0.00057Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 1910000Sources the Nickel:Chiefly uncovered in pentlandite <(Ni,Fe)9S8> and also garnierite ores. Annual world production is over 1,300,000 tons. The main mining areas are Russia, southern Africa, Australia, new Caledonia, Cuba, Indonesia, USA and also Canada.Uses the Nickel:Used in electroplating and metal alloys due to the fact that of its resistance come corrosion. Additionally in nickel-cadmium batteries; together a catalyst and for coins.Additional Notes:

Nickel Menu

Nickel page OneOverview that NickelNickel"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic framework of NickelChemical nature of NickelPhysical nature of NickelRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowNickel page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesNickel page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds of Nickel


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