Weight deserve to be a factor when picking a particular plywood product and also thickness for a project. The more heavier the plywood, the more powerful the structure essential to support it. This isn’t an concern in numerous cases, as the framework is an ext than sufficient to hold the weight. Yet if you’re not careful, friend could reason yourself serious problems, because you didn’t avoid to ensure the the structure can hold the plywood’s weight. That can also be a aspect in your building process, as carrying heavy sheets of plywood up ladders or scaffolding have the right to be daunting and dangerous.

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What makes plywood heavier than its tantamount in solid wood assets is the plywood’s density. This greater density usually comes from the type of timber that is provided to comprise the main point veneers. In addition, every the veneers the the plywood are bonded along with a rosin adhesive, which usually has a higher density than the timber veneer does. Put together, we obtain an as whole density that surpasses all yet the densest of hardwoods.

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Due come the difference in manufacturing methods because that the various plywood products, various sheets from different mills deserve to vary considerably in weight. This difference is produced mostly by the lot of materials and/or glues provided to hold the lumber together, as they have the right to be considerably heavier 보다 the lumber or wood fibers. Therefore, the higher the percent of adhesive or resin found in the plywood product, the greater the in its entirety weight that the plywood.

Considering that a full sheet of plywood deserve to weigh upwards that 80 pounds, treatment must it is in taken as soon as working v it, particularly when working alone. Improper managing of plywood can cause severe ago injuries, incapacitating you for a considerable amount that time.

Softwood plywood load chart

Let’s begin with the most common plywood product, softwood plywood. The APA (American Plywood Association) has created style specifications because that the manufacturing of various plywood products. In it, they state that softwood plywood have to weigh roughly 3 pounds every square foot, per inch of thickness. Really plywood sheets weigh slightly less, as the specification is for pre-sanded sheets. As much as 1/32” of as whole thickness can be lost in the sanding process. The organization offers a bunch of technical information and educative content.To compare and visualize the difference in weight and thickness, look in ~ the complying with tables below.

ThicknessActual Weight
1/4”22 lbs
3/8”28.5 lbs
1/2”40.6 lbs
5/8”48 lbs
3/4”60.8 lbs
1-1/8”84.5 lbs

In the next chart, we’re walking to compare the load of various other plywood assets to Softwood plywood. For the sake of simplicity, we’re only going to to compare 1/2” special plywood. Click to type by plywood weight or percentage.

Plywood Type:Weight per SheetPercentage(compared come Softwood)
Softwood Plywood40.6 lbs100%
Hardwood Plywood45 lbs111%
Marine Plywood50 lbs123%
Particle Board61 lbs150%
MDF66.7 lbs164%
MDO37.5 lbs92%
OSB47 lbs116%
ApplePly35 lbs86%
Baltic Birch48 lbs118%

Note the weight might greatly affect the price. Weight chart is closely related to the price chart.

Based upon these 2 tables, we can now number the load for a range of plywood species and thicknesses, shown in the table below, in ascending order of weight. Softwood plywood is highlighted, together it is the conventional that whatever else is contrasted to.

Softwood plywood2228.540.64860.884.5
Hardwood plywood *24.431.645.153.367.593.8
Baltic Birch2633.647.956.671.799.7
Marine plywood27.135.149.95974.8103.9
Particle board3342.860.97291.2126.8

*Hardwood plywood have the right to actually vary significantly in weight and density, as result of the certain construction that the plywood. A selection of various core constructions and materials are used, bring about these variations. Because that example, hardwood plywood made v a birch core, has actually a thickness of between 650 and 700 kilograms every cubic meter, while one more sheet that plywood which seems the same, however has a poplar core, will have a thickness of in between 500 and also 530 kilograms every cubic meter.

Please keep in mind that this chart doesn’t cover HDF (High density Fiberboard), otherwise well-known as hardboard, simply because it is just sold in thinner sheets than other plywood products. The high density of this product makes it more heavier than many other plywood assets of the exact same weight.

Hardboard panel weight chart

ThicknessWeight (lbs.)

Weight calculator

After picking the kind of wood, please enter thickness, width and also length with proper units of measure up (inch, foot, millimeter, centimeter, meter) in order to calculation weight. Outcomes in pounds and kilos are available. Crucial note: together wood thickness varies depending on components of moisture, tolerances for actual weight may vary by as much as 20%. If you wish to use this calculator on your website, please call us.

Alder Alder, high humidity Apple Apple, high moisture Ash, white Ash, black color Aspen Balsa Bamboo Bamboo, high moisture Basswood Basswood, high moisture Beech Beech, high humidity Birch Butternut Cedar, western Red Cherry Cherry, high humidity Chestnut Cottonwood Cypress Dogwood Douglas Fir Ebony Ebony, high humidity Elm Gum, black color red Gum, blue Hackberry Hickory Hickory, high humidity Holly Juniper Larch Lignum Vitae Locust Logwood Luan, Philippine Red Madrone Magnolia Mahogany, african Mahogany, african high humidity Mahogany, Cuba Honduras Mahogany, Spanish Maple Maple, high humidity MDF, light MDF, heavy Myrtle Oak Oak, high moisture Oak, English American OSB, typical OSB, light OSB, hefty Pear Pear, high moisture Pecan Persimmon Pine, key Pine, white yellow Pine, white high moisture Pine, yellow high moisture Plum Poplar Poplar, high humidity Redwood, American Redwood, europe Rosewood, Bolivian Rosewood, east Indian Satinwood Spruce Spruce, high humidity Spruce, Canadian Norway Sitka Sycamore Sycamore, high humidity Tanguile Teak, Burma India Teak, afri Walnut Walnut, Claro Walnut, europe Water gum pasture Willow, high humidity Zebrawood

Plywood weight to strength

It is natural to think the the weight of plywood results its strength; but this is untrue. Due to the fact that the major weight in any kind of plywood product is indigenous the rosin and also adhesive used in that is manufacture, greater weight merely indicates that the plywood in question has more rosin in it and also less wood fiber. Due to the fact that it is the timber fiber that offers the plywood the strength, a reduced percentage of wood fiber renders a weaker plywood product.

The actual toughness of anything created out the plywood is due to a combination of things, consisting of the form of plywood used and also the thickness the the plywood. However even more important 보다 that, is the method that the plywood is supported. Without appropriate support, many plywood commodities can’t support a long expectancy of their very own weight, without sagging.

One of the easiest means of supporting a piece of plywood, which is being supplied as a shelf, is to affix a piece of 1”x 2”, 1”x 4” or a piece of reduced plywood, come the edge of the shelf, mounted at 90 degrees to the surface of the shelf itself. This moves the upright centerline of the shelf to the middle of that included on piece. That, in turn, way that the bulk of the material is relocated away from the centerline, where it deserve to fight against sagging better. 2 such pieces, attached to both the prior and back edges make the shelf also stronger.

This addition of material perpendicular come the surface ar of the shelf will do much more to do a shelf stronger, than adding additional supports. In ~ the same time, friend don’t finish up through the room problem the those supports deserve to cause, obtaining in the method of whatever you desire to store on that shelf.

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Cart with lifter for hefty plywood

As you have the right to see native the diagram above, the J-Hook is very simple, consisting of a item of plywood, with a spacer and lip attached in ~ the bottom end. Two door or room hinges or a solitary piano hinge are provided to affix it to the next of the cart. The mounting must be set so the the top of the lift will be flush v the optimal of the cart, as soon as it is lifted horizontally.

The various other important information is to make the size of the elevator such the the paper of plywood ends up focused on her cart, once lifted come the upright position. A notch for her hand, in the center of the J-Hook, will make it less complicated to occupational with.

To pack a piece of plywood come the horizontal, an initial lock the casters top top the cart, for this reason it won’t move. Then set the paper in the that in the J-Hook, centering it. Finally, waver the J-Hook as much as the horizontal, setup the sheet of plywood, centered, ~ above the cart. Once it is collection on the cart, the J-Hook have the right to be enabled to fall back down to the side of the cart.

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Clamp it for assembly

Sometime in just around any plywood project, there will certainly be a time when you have actually to affix two pieces with each other at a ideal angle. Holding those two pieces together, by yourself, when drilling and also screwing the pieces with each other is challenging enough to try the patience of a job. But you have the right to make that project a breeze, with a simple jig and also some small ratcheting bar clamps.

Jig v two piece of plywood

The jig is composed of 2 pieces the scrap plywood, screwed with each other to make a ideal angle (90 degrees). A couple of triangle of scrap plywood room attached in between them, spaced the end as shown in the leftmost see in the diagram. It is critical that the 90 degree corner on these two triangular piece be precisely 90 degrees, together they will certainly pull the two main pieces to meet them. Examine it through a good square come make sure that she getting exactly 90 degrees, or this jig will end up make your projects out of square.

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I’ve obtained a few different jigs favor this, in various sizes, in my workshop. They deserve to be attached come the bench peak with clamps, then have actually the pieces I’m working on clamped to them or on larger projects they deserve to be clamped to 2 pieces that I have to clamp together. In either case, castle provide wonderful way of hold the 2 pieces of plywood in position, if they are being joined together.