Ever discovered yourself questioning “So what precisely is a 2nd cousin?” or debating with your family and friends around what it way to it is in a “first cousin as soon as removed”? usage our cousin chart to settle the conflict once and also for all!

What Is a Cousin?

Cousins are people who re-superstructure a typical ancestor the is at least 2 generations away, such together a grandparent or great-grandparent. You and also your siblings room not cousins since your parental are just 1 generation away from you.

Simple enough, right? yet what does it mean to have actually a secondor third or 4th cousin?


What Is a second Cousin?

The number connected with her cousin needs to do through howmany generations far your common ancestor is. For example:

First cousins re-publishing a grandparent (2generations)Secondcousins re-publishing a great-grandparent (3 generations)Third cousins re-publishing a great-great-grandparent(4 generations)Fourth cousins re-publishing a 3rd-greatgrandparent (5 generations)

Quick Tip: count how many “greats” room in your typical ancestor’s title and include 1 to uncover out what number cousin your loved one is. Note that grandparents have no “greats” in your titles, so cousins who share grandparents are first cousins because 0 + 1 = 1. However, keep in mind the this trick just works if you are both the same number that generations gotten rid of from the typical ancestor.

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Sometimes you and your cousin may share a usual ancestor,but friend each call this ancestor something different. Because that example, the commonancestor might be your great-grandparent, but your cousin’sgreat-great grandparent.

This is whereby the phrase “once removed” come in handy.

What go it median to be a Cousin “Once Removed”?


To be “once removed” native a cousin means you space separated through one generation. The number before “removed” will constantly represent the variety of generations you room separated (“removed”) from the cousin.

If girlfriend look in ~ the cousin graph above, you’ll check out that eachrow is color-coded by generation. You, her siblings, and your first, second,and third cousins are every one of the same generation.

You may have actually noticed that the boxes labeling “cousin as soon as removed” room either from one generation above or below you. You are “once removed” if you space separated by 1 generation and also “twice removed” if you room separated by 2 generations, and also so on.

Quick Tip: her parent’s first, second, and third cousins are additionally your first, second, and third cousins—but once removed. This is since your parents and also their generation room 1 above yours. Likewise, her grandparents’ first, second, and third cousins are likewise your first, second, and 3rd cousins, this time twice removed. This pattern continues throughout each generation. So, because that example, a an initial cousin when removed is one of two people the child of your very first cousin or the parent of your 2nd cousin.

Now that you recognize what to speak to your distant cousins, usage the chart listed below (click to enlarge) come calculate your cousinship!You can additionally check out these other ways to calculation cousins.

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Note: this cousin naming-conventions are primarily used in English-speaking societies and might be different in other languages and cultures.