If you"re not acquainted with reading music you"re more than likely wondering what specifically a time signature is. What space those fountain even claimed to mean?

Don"t worry! We have the answers and explain everything you should know around the music theory basics neighboring time signatures.

You are watching: What does the top number in a time signature mean

But first, let"s present today"s video host.

Vitali Tkachenka

Vitali Tkachenka is the manager of E-Learning and an Instructor for the Atlanta institute of Music and Media.

Vitali is the author of "Modern scale Concepts," "Diatonic modes Concepts," "Killer Technique: Guitar", and "Technique Workout because that the modern Guitarist."

Today he"s going to teach you exactly how easy it have the right to be to review time signatures.

Check the end the videos below, along with the supplemental to mark transcriptions so you can overcome time signatures.

Table that Contents:

The Top number of a Time Signature


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Unfortunately, some people may ignore the bottom variety of the time signature after gathering how countless beats room in a measure.

This is a significant mistake together the bottom number is very important.

The bottom number offers you one idea of exactly how to count the notation the a particular time signature.

Let"s say we have actually the number two at the bottom. The tells you the every click of her metronome will be equal to a half note in that details measure.

And appropriate now, we have two beats in the time signature that will certainly be equal to a single half note.

It"s an essential to understand that every note value defined by her time signature"s bottom number will always be counted as a number (rather 보다 an "and,") since it will always be played v a click of her metronome.

If you want to compose quarter notes in the measure, quarter notes will certainly be counted as a component of a beat.

Therefore, in our current 2/2 time signature (also well-known as cut time), two quarter notes will certainly fit in the click of a metronome.

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What if the Bottom Number is 4?


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Now let"s discuss an example where every win of ours metronome will be equal to one eighth note.

In this case, we"ll make our optimal number a six, which way we have six to win (or 6 clicks of our metronome) every measure.

Our bottom number will certainly be an eight, so every click of our metronome will equal a single eighth note.

If there are notes much longer than eighth note in this measure, favor quarter note or half notes, they will be counted as multiple clicks of our metronome. However, whole notes will certainly not to the right in this time signature since there"s not enough space for it.

To leveling our counting, we can organize our eighth notes in teams of three. Visually that looks much more symmetrical, and also it simplifies the counting process.

Be certain to inspect out the video clip above to better grasp exactly how it simplifies the counting process and why that is various than a triplet.

See more: At What Temperature Does Gold Melt, 4 Easy Ways To Melt Gold At Home

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What if the Bottom Number is 16?


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Vitali Tkachenka

Vitali Tkachenka is the manager of E-Learning and also an Instructor for Atlanta academy of Music and also Media. He is responsible for to teach scales, reading, music theory, and also creating digital music courses. Vitali is the writer of ‘Modern scales Concepts’, ‘Diatonic settings Concepts’, ‘Killer Technique: Guitar’, and also ‘Technique Workout because that the modern Guitarist’. He has actually played etc on releases native T.S. Band, Nota Bene, Da Cynosure, Marina Morozova, Snooze Band, Nancy Gerber, TY Steele Band, and also Adam Nitti. He also has several solo releases consisting of ‘Fly Away’, ‘Sides’, and also ‘Sometime Tomorrow’. The is endorsed by One-Control, atomic Amplifiers, Dean Markley, Carvin Audio, WGS Speakers, Godin Guitars, Radial Engineering, Kiesel Guitars, Eastman Guitars, and Diago Pedalboards. He holds a Bachelor"s level in Music native A.M.Shirokov academy of contemporary Knowledge and a Certificate from Atlanta academy of Music and also Media in Guitar. The is likewise an AVID certified operator in Pro devices for music production. Together a indigenous of Belarus, Vitali was featured ~ above a nationwide radio broadcast of The Renaissance the Guitar. After moving to the United claims to examine guitar at jajalger2018.org, Vitali color etc from impetus from musicians such together Nite Driscoll, Randy Hoexter, Steve Rieck, invoice Hart, rob Schumann, Trey Wright, Carl Culpepper, David Poole, Corey Christiansen and Jimmy Herring.