Aluminium

facet 13 of regular table is Aluminium through atomic number 13, atomic load 26.981538. Aluminium, symbol Al, has actually a Face centered Cubic structure and Silver color. Aluminium is a post-transition steel element. Trivial name of Aluminium is triels, icosagens. Understand everything about Aluminium Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Aluminium (or aluminum; see various endings) is a chemical aspect in the boron group with prize Al and also atomic number 13. The is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal. Aluminium is the third most abundant aspect (after oxygen and also silicon), and also the most abundant metal, in the Earth"s crust.

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Aluminium Facts

Read key information and also facts about element Aluminium

surname Aluminium
atomic Number 13
atomic Symbol Al
Atomic weight 26.981538
step Solid
shade Silver
Classification post-transition metal
team in routine Table 13
Group Name boron family
duration in periodic Table 3
Block in regular Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p1
Melting point 660.32 °C
Boiling allude 2519 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 3>
CAS Number CAS7429-90-5

neighborhood
5
B
6
C
13
Al
14
Si
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

check out our interactive periodic table


How to situate Aluminium on routine Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is same as variety of electrons. The atom number rises from left to right. Routine table beginning at peak left ( atomic number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom ideal (atomic number 118). As such you can directly look because that atomic number 13 to find Aluminium on regular table.

Another way to read routine table and locate an element is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To situate Aluminium on periodic table look because that cross ar of team 13 and duration 3 in the modern-day periodic table.

check out Interactive regular Table come Understand and also Learn Cool patterns

Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Aluminium with other elements

Aluminium History

The facet Aluminium was found by nobody in year 1825 in Denmark . Aluminium derived its name from alumina, a link (originally aluminum)

Aluminium Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table listed below shows the abundance of Aluminium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in cosmos 5e-05
variety in sun 6e-05
variety in Meteorites 0.0091
Abundance in Earth"s crust 0.081
variety in seas 5×10-7%
variety in humans 9e-07

Crystal framework of Aluminium

The hard state structure of Aluminium is Face centered Cubic.

The decision structure deserve to be described in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
404.95 404.95 404.95 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms within the unit cabinet are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are described by the principle of an are groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of corpuscle in three-dimensional an are are explained by the 230 room groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group surname Fm_ 3m
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an are Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face centered Cubic

Aluminium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Aluminium atoms have actually 13 electrons and the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 3> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atom Number 13
Number of electron (with no charge) 13
Number that Protons 13
Mass Number 27
Number the Neutrons 14
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 3>
Electron construction 3s2 3p1
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p1
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Shell framework of Aluminium - electron per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration the Aluminium - neutral Aluminium atom

The ground state digital configuration of Neutral Aluminium atom is 3s2 3p1. The portion of Aluminium configuration the is identical to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated together . For atoms with countless electrons, this notation have the right to become prolonged and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is crucial as the is the Valence electron 3s2 3p1, electrons in the outermost shell that determine the chemistry properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration of neutral Aluminium

Complete floor state electronic configuration because that the Aluminium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1

Atomic framework of Aluminium

Aluminium atom radius is 118 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 118 pm.

atom Radius

118 afternoon (1.18 Å)

Atomic Volume 9.99316222222 cm3
Covalent Radius 118 pm (1.18 Å)
van der Waals Radius N/A
ghost Cross section 0.233 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Aluminium

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Aluminium chemistry Properties: Aluminium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of Aluminium is 42.5 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.61
ElectronAffinity 42.5 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Aluminium

Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Aluminium

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 577.5
2 1816.7
3 2744.8
4 11577
5 14842
6 18379
7 23326
8 27465
9 31853
10 38473

Aluminium physical Properties

Refer to below table for Aluminium physical Properties

density 2.7 g/cm3
Molar Volume 9.99316222222 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 70 GPa
Shear Modulus 26 GPa
bulk Modulus 76 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.35

Hardness that Aluminium - exam to measure of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 2.75 MPa
Vickers Hardness 167 MPa
Brinell Hardness 245 MPa

Aluminium electrical Properties

Aluminium is Conductor that electricity. Refer to table below for the electric properties that Aluminium

electric Conductivity 3.8×107 S/m
Resistivity 2.6×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting allude 1.175

Aluminium Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 235 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 0.0000231 K-1

Aluminium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Paramagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility 7.8×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 2.1×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 2.11e-05

Optical properties of Aluminium

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic nature of Aluminium

speed of Sound 5.1×103 m/s

Aluminium thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for heat properties of Aluminium

Melting suggest 933.47 K (660.32 °C)
Boiling allude 2792 K (2519 °C)
an essential Temperature N/A
Superconducting point 1.175

Enthalpies of Aluminium

warm of blend 10.7 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 293 kJ/mol
warmth of burning N/A

Aluminium isotope - nuclear Properties the Aluminium

Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally occurring Aluminium has 1 secure isotope - 27Al.


Isotope Isotope fixed % abundance T fifty percent Decay mode
21Al
22Al
23Al
24Al
25Al
26Al
27Al 100% steady N/A
28Al
29Al
30Al
31Al
32Al
33Al
34Al
35Al
36Al
37Al
38Al
39Al
40Al
41Al
42Al

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7429-90-5
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000
period Hazard class 4.3
period Numbers 1396
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA perils N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 0
NFPA Reactivity Rating 1
Autoignition allude 400 °C
Flashpoint 645 °C

Database Search

perform of distinct identifiers to find the facet in various chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7429-90-5
CID Number CID5359268
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000

Compare Aluminium through all Group 13 elements

Aluminium vs Boron Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs Nihonium

Compare Aluminium through all post-transition metal elements

Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs believe Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs lead Aluminium vs Bismuth Aluminium vs Nihonium Aluminium vs Flerovium Aluminium vs Moscovium Aluminium vs Livermorium