Molarity (M)- is the molar concentration the a solution measured in mole of solute every liter of solution.

You are watching: What is the molarity of a solution containing 5.0 moles of kcl in 2.0 l of solution

The molarity definition is based upon the volume of the solution, not the volume of water.

Vocab. Lesson

Incorrect= The equipment is 5.0 Molarity.

Correct= The equipment is 5.0 Molar.

Example Problems

Level 1- given moles and also liters

Determine the molarity when 3.0 moles of sucrose are liquified to make 2.0 liters of solution.

3.0 mol | = X = 1.5M solution |

2.0 liters |

Level 2- given Molarity and also liters the solution

Determine the number of moles of salt liquified in 5.0 liters of a 0.50M equipment of salt water.

X mol | = 0.5M solution |

5.0 liters |

cross multiply, X= 2.5 mols

Level 3- offered grams (instead of moles) and liters of solution

Determine the molarity when 117g the NaCl are dissolved to make 0.500 liters that solution.

See more: How Many Electrons Does Sodium Have ? How Many Electrons Does Sodium Have

1st convert come moles, second plug into the molarity equation

117g NaCl( 1mol/58.5g)= 2.00mol NaCl

2.00 mol | = 4.00M solution |

0.500 liters |

Level 4-Given grams (instead that moles) and milliliters of systems (instead the liters)

Determine the molarity as soon as 55.5g the CaCl2 are dissolved to do 250.mL that solution.

1st convert to moles, second convert come liters, third plug into the molarity equation

55.5g CaCl2( 1mol/111g)= 0.500mol CaCl2

250.ml( 1L/1000mL) =0.250L

0.500 mol | = 2.00M solution |

0.250 liters |

Past Regents Questions-Follow attach to inspect the answers

Jan 2003-44 What is the molarity the a systems of NaOH if 2 liters of the solution has 4 moles of NaOH?

(1) 0.5 M (3) 8 M(2) 2 M (4) 80 M

Jan. 04-41 What is the molarity of a equipment containing 20 grams that NaOH in 500 milliliters of solution?

(1) 1 M (2) 2 M (3) 0.04 M (4) 0.5 M

Jan 2002-42 What is the molarity of a equipment that contains 0.50 mole of NaOH in 0.50 liter of solution?(1) 1.0 M (3) 0.25 M(2) 2.0 M (4) 0.50 M

Aug. 2006-42 exactly how many full moles that KNO3 have to be dissolved in water to do 1.5 liters that a 2.0 M solution?

(1) 0.50 mol (2) 2.0 mol (3) 3.0 mol (4) 1.3 mol

Aug 2005-41 What is the total variety of moles the NaCl(s)needed to make 3.0 liters of a 2.0 M NaCl solution?(1) 1.0 mol (3) 6.0 mol(2) 0.70 mol (4) 8.0 mol

June 2006-16 Molarity is characterized as the(1) moles of solute every kilogram of solvent(2) mole of solute every liter that solution(3) massive of a solution(4) volume the a solvent

Aug 2008-15 which phrase defines the molarity that a solution?(1) liters of solute every mole of solution(2) liters of systems per mole the solution(3) moles of solute per liter the solution(4) mole of equipment per liter that solution

June 2009-46 i beg your pardon sample of HCl(aq)contains the greatest variety of moles of solute particles?(1) 1.0 l of 2.0 M HCl(aq)(2) 2.0 l of 2.0 M HCl(aq)(3) 3.0 together of 0.50 M HCl(aq)(4) 4.0 l of 0.50 M HCl(aq)

June 2007-13 A 3.0 M HCl(aq)solution has a total of(1) 3.0 grams of HCl every liter that water(2) 3.0 grams of HCl every mole of solution(3) 3.0 moles of HCl per liter of solution(4) 3.0 mole of HCl every mole of water

June 2010-14 The molarity of one aqueous equipment of NaCl is defined as the(1) grams of NaCl per liter of water(2) grams the NaCl every liter of solution(3) moles of NaCl every liter that water(4) mole of NaCl every liter the solution

Jan 2008-15 i beg your pardon unit deserve to be provided to express equipment concentration?(1) J/mol (3) mol/L(2) L/mol (4) mol/s

Jan 04-41 What is the Molarity of a equipment containing 20 grams of NaOH in 500 milliliters of solution?(1) 1 M (3) 0.04 M(2) 2 M (4) 0.5 M

Jan 2010-40 What is the molarity of 1.5 liters of one aqueous equipment that has 52 grams of lithium fluoride, LiF, (gram-formula mass =26 grams/mole)?(1) 1.3 M (3) 3.0 M(2) 2.0 M (4) 0.75 M