Covering an area of about 287,000 square miles, Borneo is the third-largest island in the world. The is split into 4 political regions: Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia; Sabah and also Sarawak are part of Malaysia; a little remaining an ar comprises the sultanate that Brunei. Situated southeast the the Malay Peninsula and also southwest of the Philippines, Borneo is primarily mountainous, with dense locations of rain forest. The highest peak in Borneo, Mt. Kinabalu, stands in ~ 13,455 ft. Through a generally hot, wet climate, rain is more common than not, through some parts of Borneo receiving in between 150 and 200 customs of rainfall annually. Between October and also March, monsoons buffet the island. offered the diversity of rainfall, it renders sense the Borneo"s flora is amongst the most varied in the world. Borneo has virtually 11,000 types of flowering plants, about a third of which room indigenous. How dense is the vegetation? In one 16 acre area the Borneo"s lowland forest, over 700 varieties of trees have been recorded. In comparison, over there are just 171 indigenous tree types in all of eastern north America.

History and also People

For most of the last millennium, Borneo continued to be isolated from the remainder of the world. Located more from Indian trade courses than various other parts the the Malay Peninsula, Borneo to be less often the location of traders and immigrants. Yet in the 16th century, emissaries the Spain and Portugal got to Borneo"s shores. Soon after, the Dutch and also British arrived, and it was these two latter nations that held power in Borneo from the 17th century right into the modern era. In 1949, Indonesia became a international state, and in 1957, Malaysia obtained its independence. Today, the populace of Borneo is composed of non-Muslim Dayaks and Islamic Malays, and Chinese and also Europeans.

Inland, Borneo is comprised of a range of various native tribes, each distinguishable from others by distinct language and also culture. Prior to contact was made v the West, Borneo"s tribes often involved in wars v one another. Still, the tribes common a host of similarities, including dwellings, diet, and also culture. Today, the Ibans space the biggest indigenous group in east Malaysia.

Closeup: Indonesia

Area: 736,000 sq. Miles (roughly 3 times the size of Texas) Capital: Jakarta, population approx. 8.8 million ethnic groups: Javanese, 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, rather 26% Religions: Islam, Protestanism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism Life expectancy at birth: Men, 60 years, Women, 64 years.

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got independence: respectable 17, 1945

Closeup: Malaysia

Area: 127,316 sq. Mile (slightly larger than new Mexico) Capital: Kuala Lumpur country groups: Malay 47%, Chinese 25%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7%, non-Malaysian citizens 7%, rather 3% Religions: Islam, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Christianity, Baha"i Life expectancy: Female, 74 years; Male, 69 years gained independence: august 31, 1957 (Note: Statistics for nation closeups are from 1998.)

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